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FLORA IN THE VALLEY
Abies spectabilis
Aconitum Balfourii
Aconitun heterophyllum
Anemone Rivularis
Angelica Archangelica
Aquilegia Pubiflora
Arisaema Propinquum
Arisaema Tortuosum
Arnebia Benthamii
Betula Utilis
Bistorta Affinis
Bistorta Vivipara
Caltha Palustris
Campanula Latifolia
Codonopsis Virdis
Dactylorhiza Hatagirea
Epilobium Latifolium
Erigeron Multiradiatus
Gaultheria Trichophylla
Geranium Wallichianum
Hippophae Tibetana
Impatiens Sulcata
Ipomoea Perpurea
Megacarpaea Polyandra
Morina Longifola
Origanum Vulgare
Orobanche Alba
Oxyria Digyna
Paeonia Emodi
Pedicularis Bicornuta
Podophyllum Hexandrum
Primula Denticulata
Primula Macrophylla
Primula Reidii
Rheum Australe
Saussurea Costus
Saussurea Gossypiphora
Saussurea Obvallata
Saussuria Simpsoniana
Stachys sericea
Thermopsis Bicornuta
Thymus Linearis
Typhonium Diversifolium
Viola Biflora
 
Family Paeoniaceae
Synonyms  
Genus Paeonia
 
Month
J F M A M J J A S O N D
In flower
    Y                  
Elevation Eastern Asia – Himalayas from Pakistan to W. Nepal.
Physical Property Perennial growing to 1m by 1m. It is hardy to zone 8. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects. The plant is self-fertile.The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soilThe plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline (basic) soils.It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.
Details
The tubers are a useful medicine for the treatment of hysteria, convulsions, colic, uterine diseases and obstructions of the bile duct.They are given to children as a blood purifier. The seeds are cathartic and emetic. An infusion of the dried flowers is useful in the treatment of diarrhoea. A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy, and as a treatment for haemorrhoids and varicose veins.
Cultivation Requires a deep rich soil, preferably neutral or slightly alkaline, doing quite well in sun or light shade. It is best grown amongst shrubs, doing better when given some shade. Plants are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, but will not survive if the soil becomes waterlogged or is too dry. This species is lime tolerant. Plants grown on sandy soils tend to produce more leaves and less flowers, whilst those growing on clay take longer to become established but produce better blooms. Many gardeners have difficulties growing this plant in their gardens, though it thrives in the outdoor beds at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Edinburgh. Probably giving it the protection of shrubs or a woodland edge is likely to be most successful. Plants are hardy to about -20°c. A very ornamental and long-lived plant, specimens can survive in the garden for at least 50 years. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits. A very greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes. Strongly resents root disturbance, taking some time to recover after being divided. Peony species are usually self-fertile, though they will also hybridise with other species if these flower nearby at the same time. Plants take 4 – 5 years to flower from seed. They generally breed true from seed.