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FLORA IN THE VALLEY
Abies spectabilis
Aconitum Balfourii
Aconitun heterophyllum
Anemone Rivularis
Angelica Archangelica
Aquilegia Pubiflora
Arisaema Propinquum
Arisaema Tortuosum
Arnebia Benthamii
Betula Utilis
Bistorta Affinis
Bistorta Vivipara
Caltha Palustris
Campanula Latifolia
Codonopsis Virdis
Dactylorhiza Hatagirea
Epilobium Latifolium
Erigeron Multiradiatus
Gaultheria Trichophylla
Geranium Wallichianum
Hippophae Tibetana
Impatiens Sulcata
Ipomoea Perpurea
Megacarpaea Polyandra
Morina Longifola
Origanum Vulgare
Orobanche Alba
Oxyria Digyna
Paeonia Emodi
Pedicularis Bicornuta
Podophyllum Hexandrum
Primula Denticulata
Primula Macrophylla
Primula Reidii
Rheum Australe
Saussurea Costus
Saussurea Gossypiphora
Saussurea Obvallata
Saussuria Simpsoniana
Stachys sericea
Thermopsis Bicornuta
Thymus Linearis
Typhonium Diversifolium
Viola Biflora
 
Family Elaeagnaceae
Synonyms  
Genus Hippophae
 
Month
J F M A M J J A S O N D
In flower
      Y                
Seed ripens
                Y Y    
Elevation Eastern Asia – Himalayas
Physical Property A decidious Tree growing to 15m at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone 8. The flowers are dioecious and are pollinated by wind. The plant is not self-fertile.It can fix nitrogen.The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline (basic) soils.It requires no shade.It requires dry moist or wet soil.The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
Details The tender branches and leaves contain bio-active substances which are used to produce an oil that is quite distinct from the oil produced from the fruit. This oil is used as an ointment for treating burns. A high-quality medicinal oil is made from the fruit and used in the treatment of cardiac disorders, it is also said to be particularly effective when applied to the skin to heal burns, eczema and radiation injury, and is taken internally in the treatment of stomach and intestinal diseases. The fruit is used in Tibetan medicine, it is said to have a sour taste and a neutralizing and sharpening potency. Antitussive, blood purifier and expectorant, it is used in the treatment of disorders of the lungs, inflammation of the pulmonary tract, difficulty in expelling phlegm and coagulation and clotting of the blood[241]. The fruit is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
Cultivation Succeeds in most soils if they are not too dry. Grows well by water. A fast-growing and very wind-resistant tree, an excellent pioneer species[K]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c. Members of this genus are attracting considerable interest from breeding institutes for their nutrient-rich fruits that can promote the general health of the body (see edible and medicinal uses below). The deeply cleft bark favours the growth of epiphytes. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.