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Abies spectabilis
Aconitum Balfourii
Aconitun heterophyllum
Anemone Rivularis
Angelica Archangelica
Aquilegia Pubiflora
Arisaema Propinquum
Arisaema Tortuosum
Arnebia Benthamii
Betula Utilis
Bistorta Affinis
Bistorta Vivipara
Caltha Palustris
Campanula Latifolia
Codonopsis Virdis
Dactylorhiza Hatagirea
Epilobium Latifolium
Erigeron Multiradiatus
Gaultheria Trichophylla
Geranium Wallichianum
Hippophae Tibetana
Impatiens Sulcata
Ipomoea Perpurea
Megacarpaea Polyandra
Morina Longifola
Origanum Vulgare
Orobanche Alba
Oxyria Digyna
Paeonia Emodi
Pedicularis Bicornuta
Podophyllum Hexandrum
Primula Denticulata
Primula Macrophylla
Primula Reidii
Rheum Australe
Saussurea Costus
Saussurea Gossypiphora
Saussurea Obvallata
Saussuria Simpsoniana
Stachys sericea
Thermopsis Bicornuta
Thymus Linearis
Typhonium Diversifolium
Viola Biflora
Family Umbelliferae(old) Apiaceae(new)
Synonyms Archangelica Officinalis
In flower
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Elevation Europe. Naturalized in Britain.
Physical Property Biennial growing to 1.5m by 0.75m. It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects. The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline (basic) soils and can grow in very acid soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.
Details Angelica has a long folk-history of use as a medicinal herb, in particular for the treatment of digestive disorders and problems with blood circulation. The root is the most active medicinally, it should be harvested in the autumn of its first year of growth, sliced longitudinally if necessary and dried quickly. If well stored, the root retains its medicinal virtues for many years. The leaves and seeds can also be used. The leaves are harvested and dried in late spring before the plant comes into flower. The plant is antispasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. An infusion is used to ease flatulence, indigestion, chronic bronchitis and typhus. It stimulates blood flow to the peripheral parts of the body and so is of value in treating poor circulation – it is considered a specific treatment for Buerger’s disease, a condition that narrows the arteries of the hands and feet. Angelica is contra-indicated for people with a tendency towards diabetes since its use can increase sugar levels in the urine. This plant should not be prescribed for pregnant women, nor should the juice be allowed to come into contact with the eyes. An essential oil from the seeds is sometimes used as a rub to relieve rheumatic conditions.
Cultivation Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.5 to 7.3. A very hardy plant, tolerating severe frosts without damage. Although by nature biennial, the plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed. Angelica is occasionally cultivated in the herb garden, mainly for its culinary uses. The plants have a pervading aromatic odour. The growing plant is almost untroubled by pests and diseases. It attracts bees and hoverflies to the garden, helping to create a natural balance of insect pests and predators. When well-sited, the plant will often self-sow – sometimes to the point of nuisance.